The building information system provides access to all the records and services required for the building process. Starting from Jan 1, 2021, the Building Information System (BIS) is now administered by the State Construction Control Bureau. It aims to improve the efficiency and reduce costs of building projects in the state. This allows a better allocation of resources to more important processes.
A construction project requires a lot of data during the building process, which can be accessed by various individuals and departments. However, all this information must be stored in a particular location. There are different types of systems that help in the building information system:
In addition to the above-mentioned information management system, a building information system also includes the building survey system, the building inventory management system, the building diagnostics system, and the building inspection system. The building survey system provides the information on the present condition of the property and determines the present state of building structures, buildings and other facilities. Surveying determines the problems that need to be addressed and helps in planning future improvements and maintenance work. The building inventory management system and the other systems mentioned previously provide the accurate information on the stocks of building supplies and materials.
Another important component of a building information system is the building verification method, which verifies the information provided in the system. This method verifies that the information objects are correctly reflected in the output. For instance, if there is discrepancy between the output of the building information system and the actual output, then the information object is deemed inaccurate. Therefore, the verification method performs a very important role in the entire process of information management.
To increase the efficiency of the building information system, various techniques like computer aided design (CAD) or computer aided design and simulation (CAD/ CAM) are employed. Computer aided design is a technique that makes use of computer programs in order to generate physical designs of structures, and it includes many complex optimization and design cycles. Computer aided simulation on the other hand, uses mathematical techniques to create geometrical data models of structures. These techniques are also used in the manufacturing industry.
In addition, another important feature of a building information system is its real-time capabilities. Through this feature, an operator at any location can view the changes in a building from any point of time. Moreover, real-time data can be retrieved for real time analysis and monitoring. The following are some of the major benefits of tracing modifications and repetitive versions using a building information system:
With the help of CAD/CAM and SIMS, a large number of processes can be performed simultaneously, which results in faster execution, reduced cost, and more accurate data. The systems also provide an environment where multiple users can work simultaneously without any problems. In addition, it reduces labor costs and manual labor thus reducing the overall cost of construction. Furthermore, building information systems can be easily integrated with ERP applications in order to integrate the building information with the rest of the enterprise software system. Thus, it helps in developing a building strategy that is based upon the current needs of the company and future expansion prospects.
A building information system is a useful tool for construction companies that need accurate information about the building and the overall construction process that includes material planning, scheduling, budgeting, materials, labor requirements, and other pertinent details. A system that contains relevant information is essential for a smooth process and to reduce costs. Therefore, an effective system should be designed and implemented for each structure that requires accurate information. A superior system must incorporate several modules that include calculation of materials usage, materials tracking, material ordering, material management, and facility utilization. Also, it should efficiently collect, sort, and disseminate pertinent information so that they can be used for decision making. Finally, it should have a centralized control system that coordinates and tracks all information for better organization, reporting, and billing.