If you are unfamiliar with the term “system component,” it is described as any component of an operating system that controls and coordinates hardware, software, drivers and other aspects of the computer. There are many different operating systems which don’t have much in common, like Windows, Unix, Linux and MacOS. However, most operating system components share the same basic operating system components like Memory Management, Process Management, Memory Access, I/O Device Management and Input/ Output device management. It is very common for multiple system components to exist on a PC or server and they communicate with each other through a protocol. Components also can be part of a self-contained operating system which provides better isolation from other components.
A system component helps to control operation of all other components. When a new program is loaded it is checked against system requirements. Then it is run and its result is reported back to the user. The result of each component is usually stored in a data base. It helps to retrieve the necessary information quickly and also provides error messages if there are problems.
Secondary-storage management refers to the set of processes and resources used to back up the main memory of a computer system. The primary hard drive is often supplemented by a read-only logical drives and/or CD-ROMs. System components like memory, caches, shared memory and fixed data structures are all used to store information. Each component stores and retrieves information from its attached primary storage media and sometimes from other parts of the system.
Primary memory, also known as main memory, is non-volatile storage where applications and data are stored while the computer system is running. This type of memory is accessed through processes like loading, executing and exiting applications and is therefore more dynamic than primary memory. Primary memory serves a single purpose, however, as system begins to slow down, so does the use of this storage media for applications.
Shared-memory processing describes the set of processes and resources that are shared between processes. System services and other important system components use this as a common pool of resources. Through this mechanism processes that need access to this information can ask for shared information systems and get it easily. In case of failure or crash, only processes that are currently active can affect the operation of other processes, hence a decision support system that monitors this critical information system.
Executable and shared components refer to those that can be programmed for specific purposes. They make programs to execute specific instructions. This is an important activity that determines the speed and efficiency of the system. In case the system cannot execute some functions, then it calls for more help from other components like the operating system.
Network management refers to the transmission and reception of information in networks. A company’s network management system defines how the different devices will communicate with each other and how they will interact with the main memory management system. With this process, all the processes in a network are coordinated well. It also helps in identifying failures and repairs can be done much faster.
Hardware components refer to the devices that are built into the computer systems. The hardware components are those that are directly attached to the systems. They are usually used for executing applications, processing data and sharing the system resources. In order to improve the efficiency of the overall system, companies make sure to replace these outdated hardware components.
Operating systems determine the way the system works and reacts to certain situations. There are various operating systems that are being used today. These operating systems come with pre-programmed instructions. They ensure fast operation as well-defined interfaces for hardware and software components. This results to faster process, greater capacity for storing information and decreased cost.
System components are very essential for a good process management. A good process management ensures lower total cost, higher capacity for storage as well as enhanced performance of the operating system. This results to better utilization of the system resources and better utilization of the hardware resources as well.
In conclusion, the various system components play important roles in information systems. They allow processes to run as smoothly as possible. They also determine how well the system responds to specific conditions. In addition, they affect the total cost of the system.